In June 2002 Governor Bob Wise signed the Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Initiative Memorandum of Understanding. By signing this memo, West Virginia agreed to develop goals and objectives to reduce nutrient and sediment loads. Reductions of 33% for nitrogen, 35% for phosphorus, and 6% for sediment were needed between 2002 and 2010.
In May 2009, President Obama issued an Executive Order to increase federal commitment and actions to support restoration efforts of local governments, nonprofit groups and citizens and to require federal lands and facilities to lead by example in environmental stewardship. EPA then proceeded with the Chesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL), which was released on December 29, 2010.
West Virginia's Chesapeake Bay Tributary Team partners are in the midst of implementing the strategies in the Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP). The WIP strategies address new, existing, and expanded sources of nitrogen, phosphorus and sediment. The Bay Team partners are required to make 60 percent of the needed reductions from all of the sources by 2017, and 100 percent of the needed reductions by 2025. There are also interim goals, to ensure the project stays on track.
Updated data, compiled by the West Virginia Chesapeake Bay Tributary team, is now available, showing West Virginia's implementation process to date on several agricultural best management practices (BMPs), as well as stormwater practices. These slides help to put in perspective where we are now, and how far we are from the 2017 and 2025 goals. For many BMPs, West Virginia is well on its way to achieving the 2017 goal levels, such as in stream exclusion fencing, and agricultural tree plantings. Other BMPs, such as cover crop acres, show fluctuation as they are an "annual" BMP, not cumulative. Some BMPs are not cost-shared, meaning tracking instances of this practice can be difficult. To see all progress slides, click here. In addition, the 2013 Programmatic Milestone Progress Report is posted at: http://www.wvca.us/bay/files/bay_documents/307.Annual%20report%20Dec%2031%202013%20(2).pdf